This is a developmental birth defect involving the incomplete closure of the embryonic neural tube that results in an incompletely formed spinal cord.
In addition, the vertebrae overlying the open portion of the spinal cord do not fully form and remain unfused and open. This allows the abnormal portion of the spinal cord to stick out through the opening in the bones. There may or may not be a fluid filled sac surrounding the open spinal cord.
Mostly the sac or cyst that forms is containing meninges and CSF. The sac may also contain parts of the spinal cord and nerves referred to as Myelomeningocele.
Spina bifia can be prevented by administration of Folic acid prior to pregnancy.
Spina bifida treatment depends on the severity of the condition. Spina bifida occulta often doesn’t require treatment at all, but other types of spina bifida do.
The bright side is, They are treatable as well as curable.
Thanks to a huge development in medical and surgical sciences over the past 40 years, children who are born with spina bifida today lead active and productive lives. According to the Spina Bifida Association, approximately 90 percent of infants affected with the defect live well into adulthood.